It has been over three years since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and while tremendous fishing opportunities abound in the Gulf of Mexico, the impacts of the spill are ongoing and can be seen in degraded habitats and reduced tourism activity, especially recreational fishing. The American Sportfishing Association (ASA) remains engaged in the two primary processes that will shape major investments in the Gulf of Mexico region aimed at economic and natural resource restoration.
The Natural Resource Damage Assessment process is moving forward led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and projects have begun to be funded using the $1 billion in funds BP has already made available in an “Early Restoration” fund. The other major source of funding for Gulf restoration will come from penalties assessed to BP through provisions in the Clean Water Act (CWA).
In July 2012, President Obama signed the Transportation Bill into law, which included the RESTORE the Gulf Coast Act of 2011. The Restore Act will provide much needed money to the region to restore the Gulf Coast environment and economy and help bring anglers back to the region. This legislation directs 80 percent of the funds from the Clean Water Act and other penalties assessed in the wake of the April 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill are used to pay for economic and environmental restoration projects in Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. The provision provides critical funding to the Gulf of Mexico region to help revitalize coastal communities and improve fisheries habitat and data collection. Specific things that RESTORE will accomplish include:
Recreational fishing contributes $41 billion dollars in economic output in the Gulf Coast region annually and supports over 300,000 jobs. This legislation provides a strong framework for long-term investment in business recovery and fisheries resources.
To learn more about the RESTORE Act, click here to view a fact sheet.
On January 29, 2013 the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council, the body charged with developing and overseeing implementation of a comprehensive plan to help restore the ecosystem and economy of the Gulf Coast region in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill per the RESTORE Act, released the “Path Forward to Restoring the Gulf Coast: A Proposed Comprehensive Plan”. This plan reflects the work done thus far in creating a detailed comprehensive restoration plan.
On August 28, the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council voted to adopt the “Initial Comprehensive Plan: Restoring the Gulf Coast’s Ecosystem and Economy,” which outlines recovery efforts, both ecological and financial, for the Gulf region in the wake of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The plan establishes the general types of projects to be targeted by the Council, including approaches that can help repair habitat degradation and ensure the health and sustainability of recreational fishing throughout the Gulf for generations to come.
In 2013, ASA, along with the Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership, the Center for Coastal Conservation and the Coastal Conservation Association, convened a series of five workshops in the Gulf region focusing on further identifying the recreational fishing community’s priorities for Gulf restoration. A report summarizing recommendations produced by the workshops is expected to be released later in 2013.